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Law can be defined as a system of standards and rules of civil society; standards of human conduct that impose obligations and grant corresponding rights, and institutional rules regarding the ascertainment, creation, modification and enforcement of these standards.

Ignorance of the law is no excuse. On the other hand, one has the right to remain silent, and anything one say can and will be used against one.

For example: RIGHT AGAINST SELF-INCRIMINATION: Granted by the Fifth Amendment-USA. Allows a person to refuse to answer questions that would subject him or her to accusation of a criminal act.




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What is the difference between murder and manslaughter ?

Both involve the unlawful taking of a human life, but murder is with malice and premeditation and manslaughter without.

What is an inquest ?

An inquest is the name given to the legal inquiry into the cause of death of a person who apparently died an unnatural death.

What is forensic medicine ?

Forensic medicine is the application of medical knowledge to legal problems.

What is the difference between libel and slander ?

Both involve defamation; libel written, slander spoken.

What is a tort and how does it differ from a crime ?

If a wrongful act (not arising out of a contract) violates a private right, it is a tort and covered by civil law; if it violates a public right it is a cime and subject to criminal law. A wrongful act may be subject to both civil and criminal action. If X forges Y's signature on a cheque and withdraws some money, it is a matter between X and Y (and a tort), and also a matter between X and the State, because forgery is defined as a crime.

Offering money to a public officer as an inducement to commit an unlawful act is a bribe (and the giver and receiver are both guilty of crimes). What is it called when a public officer asks for unlawful fees?

Offering money is a bribe; asking for it is called extortion.

Both embezzlement and larceny involve the "wrongful appropriation and use of another person's property". What sets them apart ?

In the case of embezzlement, the property should have been voluntarily turned over to the embezzler for some lawful purpose to begin with (and which he then misappropriates). In the case of larceny, the original taking is unlawful.

Is there any difference between burglary and robbery ?

There certainly is - burglary requires more finesse, robbery is more boorish. Burglary is the unlawful breaking and entering of the building of another in order to commit a crime. Robbery is stealing property from another by force and intimidation.

Assault and battery - the two are usually mentioned in the same breath. What is the subtle difference, if any, between the two?

A person who threatens and attempts to strike another person is guilty of assault. Assault becomes battery when injury is actually done.


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No one becomes successful by accident. Success requires making a plan and sticking to it. It is simple, but does require commitment; it is not hard to do, but does require hard work. The good news is that once you begin, the results start coming almost instantly. The miracle of successful living is that the smallest step towards success attracts more success! Here is a very brief outline of the key points that will help you achieve the highest levels of success.

Look into the nearest mirror
The person staring back at you is the only person responsible for your success. Smile! No one else is the cause of your success or to blame for your short comings. Successful people take full responsibility for their actions.

Smile back at your reflection
Successful people are cheerful, optimistic, and forward thinking. If you think you don't have anything to smile about, smile anyway. Positive thoughts drive out negative thoughts. It's hard to have a negative thought while you are smiling!

Positive self-esteem is the foundation for success
Feel good about yourself and your abilities, achievements and potential. Don't dwell on your mistakes. Remind and praise yourself on your past accomplishments. Congratulate yourself for taking positive steps toward a more successful future.

Believe in yourself
You are here for a purpose. God doesn't make extras just to fill in the scenery. Find your mission and begin working to fulfil it.

Desire to be a success
Decide right now that you will be successful. Commit to being successful.

Associate with successful people
Do what they do. When faced with choices, make the choice a successful person would make. Blow your bonus check on a gambling trip or invest it?

Avoid unsuccessful people
Do not under any circumstances associate with negative people. Negative people are toxic; they destroy, they do not build. They are vampires that can live only by draining the life from others. The odds are greater that they will pull you down faster than you can lift them up. You can choose to stay away from all the negative people in your life. Avoid all the whiners, complainers, blamers and thumbsuckers.

Do what you are best at and what gives you satisfaction
There is no reason to stay stuck doing things that are frustrating, boring, unhealthy, unproductive, demeaning or unfulfilling.

Write down a vision of how you want to live your life
Be specific. Where you want to live, what kind of carpet, who your friends are, the pony's name, what the new church rec hall you donated looks like, etc. Make a Future Scrapbook; paste in pictures, drawings, essays, clippings. Make up news headlines about your achievements. Every day visualize yourself as you would like to be - and then act that way!

Write down your biggest goal
Write it in the present tense, "I am...", "I have...", "I contribute...". Success is the result of a personal decision, so start your goal with "I". Read your goal aloud every morning and night. Tell people your goal. Make a plan to achieve your goal and stick to it.

Study the science of success
Read books, listen to tapes, watch videos and positive TV programming. Talk to successful people and ask them how they became successful. Fill your mind with positive thoughts and give yourself positive self-affirmations.

Do something everyday that brings your goal closer
Never give up. You can only fail if you quit trying. Keep on keeping on and you will succeed. Achieving success requires following a system. Begin today by putting these 12 points into daily practice.

Everybody experiences fear of failure, uncertainty, insecurity, low self-esteem, indecision, depression, nervousness and embarrassment. Successful people master these temporary conditions by taking positive action, by sticking to their plan, by maintaining their vision of the future and by learning from setbacks. By following these simple steps you will become successful and achieve all that you desire.

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